Ethiopians have long complained about unfair treatment and police violence by Israeli authorities. Thousands of Jews of Ethiopian origin are treated as third-class citizens.
Israel champions itself as the "only democracy" in the Middle East claiming to treat all its citizens equally and fairly. However, Ethiopian Jews are increasingly protesting against the regime’s racism and police brutality.
Some 135,000 native Ethiopian Jews live in Israel (around 2% of the population), including over 50,000 that have been born inside the occupied Palestinian territories.
Tens of thousands of Ethiopian Jews affected by famine were airlifted to Israel in the 1980s and 1990s after a rabbinical ruling that they were direct descendants of the biblical Jewish Dan tribe.